Class RegexpCheck

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    Configurable, Contextualizable

    public class RegexpCheck
    extends AbstractCheck

    Checks that a specified pattern exists, exists less than a set number of times, or does not exist in the file.

    This check combines all the functionality provided by RegexpHeader except supplying the regular expression from a file.

    It differs from them in that it works in multiline mode. Its regular expression can span multiple lines and it checks this against the whole file at once. The others work in singleline mode. Their single or multiple regular expressions can only span one line. They check each of these against each line in the file in turn.

    Note: Because of the different mode of operation there may be some changes in the regular expressions used to achieve a particular end.

    In multiline mode...

    • ^ means the beginning of a line, as opposed to beginning of the input.
    • For beginning of the input use \A.
    • $ means the end of a line, as opposed to the end of the input.
    • For end of input use \Z.
    • Each line in the file is terminated with a line feed character.

    Note: Not all regular expression engines are created equal. Some provide extra functions that others do not and some elements of the syntax may vary. This check makes use of the java.util.regex package; please check its documentation for details of how to construct a regular expression to achieve a particular goal.

    Note: When entering a regular expression as a parameter in the XML config file you must also take into account the XML rules. e.g. if you want to match a < symbol you need to enter &lt;. The regular expression should be entered on one line.

    • Property format - Specify the pattern to match against. Type is java.util.regex.Pattern. Default value is "^$".
    • Property message - Specify message which is used to notify about violations, if empty then the default (hard-coded) message is used. Type is java.lang.String. Default value is null.
    • Property illegalPattern - Control whether the pattern is required or illegal. Type is boolean. Default value is false.
    • Property duplicateLimit - Control whether to check for duplicates of a required pattern, any negative value means no checking for duplicates, any positive value is used as the maximum number of allowed duplicates, if the limit is exceeded violations will be logged. Type is int. Default value is 0.
    • Property errorLimit - Specify the maximum number of violations before the check will abort. Type is int. Default value is 100.
    • Property ignoreComments - Control whether to ignore matches found within comments. Type is boolean. Default value is false.

    To configure the check:

    The following examples are mainly copied from the other 3 checks mentioned above, to show how the same results can be achieved using this check in place of them.

    To use like Required Regexp check:

    An example of how to configure the check to make sure a copyright statement is included in the file:

    The statement.

     // This code is copyrighted
     

    The check.

     <module name="Regexp">
       <property name="format" value="// This code is copyrighted"/>
     </module>
     

    Your statement may be multiline.

     // This code is copyrighted
     // (c) MyCompany
     

    Then the check would be.

     <module name="Regexp">
       <property name="format" value="// This code is copyrighted\n// \(c\) MyCompany"/>
     </module>
     

    Note: To search for parentheses () in a regular expression you must escape them like \(\). This is required by the regexp engine, otherwise it will think they are special instruction characters.

    And to make sure it appears only once:

     <module name="Regexp">
       <property name="format" value="// This code is copyrighted\n// \(c\) MyCompany"/>
       <property name="duplicateLimit" value="0"/>
     </module>
     

    It can also be useful to attach a meaningful message to the check:

     <module name="Regexp">
       <property name="format" value="// This code is copyrighted\n// \(c\) MyCompany"/>
       <property name="message" value="Copyright"/>
     </module>
     

    To use like illegal regexp check:

    An example of how to configure the check to make sure there are no calls to System.out.println:

     <module name="Regexp">
       <!-- . matches any character, so we need to escape it and use \. to match dots. -->
       <property name="format" value="System\.out\.println"/>
       <property name="illegalPattern" value="true"/>
     </module>
     

    You may want to make the above check ignore comments, like this:

     <module name="Regexp">
       <property name="format" value="System\.out\.println"/>
       <property name="illegalPattern" value="true"/>
       <property name="ignoreComments" value="true"/>
     </module>
     

    An example of how to configure the check to find trailing whitespace at the end of a line:

     <module name="Regexp">
       <property name="format" value="[ \t]+$"/>
       <property name="illegalPattern" value="true"/>
       <property name="message" value="Trailing whitespace"/>
     </module>
     

    An example of how to configure the check to find case-insensitive occurrences of "debug":

     <module name="Regexp">
       <property name="format" value="(?i)debug"/>
       <property name="illegalPattern" value="true"/>
     </module>
     

    Note: The (?i) at the beginning of the regular expression tells the regexp engine to ignore the case.

    There is also a feature to limit the number of violations reported. When the limit is reached the check aborts with a message reporting that the limit has been reached. The default limit setting is 100, but this can be change as shown in the following example.

     <module name="Regexp">
       <property name="format" value="(?i)debug"/>
       <property name="illegalPattern" value="true"/>
       <property name="errorLimit" value="1000"/>
     </module>
     

    To use like RegexpHeader:

    To configure the check to verify that each file starts with the following multiline header.

    Note the following:

    • \A means the start of the file.
    • The date can be any 4 digit number.
     // Copyright (C) 2004 MyCompany
     // All rights reserved
     
     <module name="Regexp">
       <property
         name="format"
         value="\A// Copyright \(C\) \d\d\d\d MyCompany\n// All rights reserved"/>
     </module>
     

    A more complex example. Note how the import and javadoc multilines are handled, there can be any number of them.

     ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
     // checkstyle:
     // Checks Java source code for adherence to a set of rules.
     // Copyright (C) 2004  Oliver Burn
     // Last modification by $Author A.N.Other$
     ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
    
     package com.puppycrawl.checkstyle;
    
     import java.util.thing1;
     import java.util.thing2;
     import java.util.thing3;
    
     /**
     * javadoc line 1
     * javadoc line 2
     * javadoc line 3
     */
     
     <module name="Regexp">
       <property
         name="format"
         value="\A/{71}\n// checkstyle:\n// Checks Java source code for
         adherence to a set of rules\.\n// Copyright \(C\) \d\d\d\d  Oliver Burn\n
         // Last modification by \$Author.*\$\n/{71}\n\npackage [\w\.]*;\n\n
         (import [\w\.]*;\n)*\n/\*\*\n( \*[^/]*\n)* \*/"/>
     </module>
     

    More examples:

    The next 2 examples deal with the following example Java source file:

     /*
     * PID.java
     *
     * Copyright (c) 2001 ACME
     * 123 Some St.
     * Somewhere.
     *
     * This software is the confidential and proprietary information of ACME.
     * ("Confidential Information"). You shall not disclose such
     * Confidential Information and shall use it only in accordance with
     * the terms of the license agreement you entered into with ACME.
     *
     * $Log: config_misc.xml,v $
     * Revision 1.7  2007/01/16 12:16:35  oburn
     * Removing all reference to mailing lists
     *
     * Revision 1.6  2005/12/25 16:13:10  o_sukhodolsky
     * Fix for rfe 1248106 (TYPECAST is now accepted by NoWhitespaceAfter)
     *
     * Fix for rfe 953266 (thanks to Paul Guyot (pguyot) for submitting patch)
     * IllegalType can be configured to accept some abstract classes which
     * matches to regexp of illegal type names (property legalAbstractClassNames)
     *
     * TrailingComment now can be configured to accept some trailing comments
     * (such as NOI18N) (property legalComment, rfe 1385344).
     *
     * Revision 1.5  2005/11/06 11:54:12  oburn
     * Incorporate excellent patch [ 1344344 ] Consolidation of regexp checks.
     *
     * Revision 1.3.8.1  2005/10/11 14:26:32  someone
     * Fix for bug 251.  The broken bit is fixed
     */
    
     package com.acme.tools;
    
     import com.acme.thing1;
     import com.acme.thing2;
     import com.acme.thing3;
    
     /**
     *
     * <P>
     *   <I>This software is the confidential and proprietary information of
     *   ACME (<B>"Confidential Information"</B>). You shall not
     *   disclose such Confidential Information and shall use it only in
     *   accordance with the terms of the license agreement you entered into
     *   with ACME.</I>
     * </P>
     *
     * &#169; copyright 2002 ACME
     *
     * @author   Some Body
     */
     public class PID extends StateMachine implements WebObject.Constants {
    
     /** javadoc. */
     public static final int A_SETPOINT = 1;
     .
     .
     .
     } // class PID
     

    This checks for the presence of the header, the first 16 lines.

    Note the following:

    • Line 2 and 13 contain the file name. These are checked to make sure they are the same, and that they match the class name.
    • The date can be any 4 digit number.
     <module name="Regexp">
       <property
         name="format"
         value="\A/\*\n \* (\w*)\.java\n \*\n \* Copyright \(c\)
         \d\d\d\d ACME\n \* 123 Some St\.\n \* Somewhere\.\n \*\n
         \* This software is the confidential and proprietary information
         of ACME\.\n \* \(&quot;Confidential Information&quot;\)\. You
         shall not disclose such\n \* Confidential Information and shall
         use it only in accordance with\n \* the terms of the license
         agreement you entered into with ACME\.\n \*\n
         \* \$Log: config_misc\.xml,v $
         \* Revision 1\.7  2007/01/16 12:16:35  oburn
         \* Removing all reference to mailing lists
         \* \
         \* Revision 1.6  2005/12/25 16:13:10  o_sukhodolsky
         \* Fix for rfe 1248106 \(TYPECAST is now accepted by NoWhitespaceAfter\)
         \* \
         \* Fix for rfe 953266 \(thanks to Paul Guyot \(pguyot\) for submitting patch\)
         \* IllegalType can be configured to accept some abstract classes which
         \* matches to regexp of illegal type names \(property legalAbstractClassNames\)
         \*
         \* TrailingComment now can be configured to accept some trailing comments
         \* \(such as NOI18N\) \(property legalComment, rfe 1385344\).
         \*
         \* Revision 1.5  2005/11/06 11:54:12  oburn
         \* Incorporate excellent patch \[ 1344344 \] Consolidation of regexp checks.
         \* \\n(.*\n)*([\w|\s]*( class | interface )\1)"/>
       <property name="message" value="Correct header not found"/>
     </module>
     

    This checks for the presence of a copyright notice within the class javadoc, lines 24 to 37.

     <module name="Regexp">
       <property
         name="format"
         value="(/\*\*\n)( \*.*\n)*( \* <P>\n \*   <I>
         This software is the confidential and proprietary information of\n
         \*   ACME \(<B>&quot;Confidential Information&quot;</B>
         \)\. You shall not\n \*   disclose such Confidential Information
         and shall use it only in\n \*   accordance with the terms of the
         license agreement you entered into\n \*   with ACME\.</I>\n
         \* </P>\n \*\n \* &#169; copyright \d\d\d\d ACME\n
         \*\n \* @author .*)(\n\s\*.*)*/\n[\w|\s]*( class | interface )"/>
       <property name="message"
         value="Copyright in class/interface Javadoc"/>
       <property name="duplicateLimit" value="0"/>
     </module>
     

    Note: To search for things that mean something in XML, like < you need to escape them like &lt;. This is required so the XML parser does not act on them, but instead passes the correct character to the regexp engine.

    Parent is com.puppycrawl.tools.checkstyle.TreeWalker

    Violation Message Keys:

    • duplicate.regexp
    • illegal.regexp
    • required.regexp
    Since:
    4.0
    • Method Detail

      • setMessage

        public void setMessage​(String message)
        Setter to specify message which is used to notify about violations, if empty then the default (hard-coded) message is used.
        Parameters:
        message - custom message which should be used in report.
      • setIgnoreComments

        public void setIgnoreComments​(boolean ignoreComments)
        Setter to control whether to ignore matches found within comments.
        Parameters:
        ignoreComments - True if comments should be ignored.
      • setIllegalPattern

        public void setIllegalPattern​(boolean illegalPattern)
        Setter to control whether the pattern is required or illegal.
        Parameters:
        illegalPattern - True if pattern is not allowed.
      • setErrorLimit

        public void setErrorLimit​(int errorLimit)
        Setter to specify the maximum number of violations before the check will abort.
        Parameters:
        errorLimit - the number of errors to report.
      • setDuplicateLimit

        public void setDuplicateLimit​(int duplicateLimit)
        Setter to control whether to check for duplicates of a required pattern, any negative value means no checking for duplicates, any positive value is used as the maximum number of allowed duplicates, if the limit is exceeded violations will be logged.
        Parameters:
        duplicateLimit - negative values mean no duplicate checking, any positive value is used as the limit.
      • setFormat

        public final void setFormat​(Pattern pattern)
        Setter to specify the pattern to match against.
        Parameters:
        pattern - the new pattern
      • getAcceptableTokens

        public int[] getAcceptableTokens()
        Description copied from class: AbstractCheck
        The configurable token set. Used to protect Checks against malicious users who specify an unacceptable token set in the configuration file. The default implementation returns the check's default tokens.
        Specified by:
        getAcceptableTokens in class AbstractCheck
        Returns:
        the token set this check is designed for.
        See Also:
        TokenTypes
      • beginTree

        public void beginTree​(DetailAST rootAST)
        Description copied from class: AbstractCheck
        Called before the starting to process a tree. Ideal place to initialize information that is to be collected whilst processing a tree.
        Overrides:
        beginTree in class AbstractCheck
        Parameters:
        rootAST - the root of the tree
      • findMatch

        private void findMatch()
        Recursive method that finds the matches.
      • canContinueValidation

        private boolean canContinueValidation​(boolean ignore)
        Check if we can stop validation.
        Parameters:
        ignore - flag
        Returns:
        true is we can continue
      • isIgnore

        private boolean isIgnore​(int startLine,
                                 FileText text,
                                 LineColumn start)
        Detect ignore situation.
        Parameters:
        startLine - position of line
        text - file text
        start - line column
        Returns:
        true is that need to be ignored
      • logMessage

        private void logMessage​(int lineNumber)
        Displays the right message.
        Parameters:
        lineNumber - the line number the message relates to.